2-3 Years Milestones

Gross Motor Milestones
  • Climbs well
  • Runs and jumps well
  • Walks up and down stairs, alternating feet
  • Kicks ball forward
  • Throws ball overhand
  • Can balance on one foot for one to two seconds
  • Pedals tricycle or Big Wheel
  • Bends over easily without falling
Fine Motor
  • Turns pages of a book one at a time
  • Holds pencil in writing position
  • Screws and unscrews jar lids
  • Turns rotating handles
  • Sorts objects by shape and color
  • Completes 3–4 piece puzzles
  • Makes mechanical toys work
  • Cuts with scissors
  • Imitates horizontal stroke (24–29 months)
  • Copies circle (30–35 months)
  • Traces a cross
  • Builds tower of 9 blocks
  • Traces square
  • Catches large ball
  • Uses a hammer
  • Moves individual fingers
  • Preferential use of one hand
Language/Oral Motor
  • Follows a 2–3 part command (get the doll and bring it to me)
  • Ask questions/uses pronouns (me, you) and some plurals
  • Recognizes and identifies many common objects and pictures
  • Matches an object in hand or room to picture in book
  • Knows major body parts, can say name, age, and sex (boy or girl)
  • Uses 4–5 word sentences
  • Appropriate jaw grading for bite
  • Total disassociation of head movement for bite
  • Smooth transfer of food from side to side
  • Gradual refinement of tongue movements
  • Tongue-lip elevation for swallowing/internal jaw stabilization
Personal and Social
  • Plays make-believe with dolls, animals, and people
  • Understands concept of two
  • Can wash and dry hands
  • Imitates adults and peers
  • Spontaneously shows affection for familiar playmates
  • Can take turns in games
  • Understands concept of “mine”, “his” or “hers”
Other Characteristics
  • Expresses affection openly, objects to major changes in routine
  • Possibly puts on some clothes that are easy to get on
  • Expresses wide range of emotions - Separates easily from parents by age 3
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